National Education Policy 2020:India’s education system gets an overhaul after 34 years. This is the third NEP after policies that came in 1968 and 1986. Though the government did amendments in the policies back then but they were by and large the same.
National Education Policy 2020: All you need to Know
#1968 National education policy 📚
Based on recommendation of Kothari commission, then PM Indira Gandhi announced the first NEP 1968, which called for a “radical restructuring” and educational opportunities in order to achieve national aim and economic development.
In 1964 Kothari commission recommended 6% allocation from GDP, but was never done after independence.
Countries across the world make higher public investment than India does. Taking a look at the last 5 years data, India spends only 3% of total GDP on enhancement of education sector.
Whereas corresponding figures stand at 7.5% for Bhutan, Zimbabwe and Sweden, 7% for Costa Rica and Finland , 6% of Kyrgyzstan, South Africa and Brazil, 5.5% for UK, Netherlands and Palestine, 5% for Malaysia ,Kenya , Mangolia, Korea and USA.
📍POINT TO BE NOTED🔖 : National Education Policy 2020
Particularly the OECD countries and middle income countries focus more on public investment (expenditure) and provide complete access often with high quality outcomes.So allocation is the most important to run these systems. Therefore India still needs to make substantial investments in capacity expansion along with the expenditure to run these systems.
#Peculiar advancements in the New Policy⚡️
The first 5 years will comprise of the foundation stage , including3 yeard of pre primary school and class 1 and class 2.
The next 3 years will be divided into preparatory stage form class 3 to 5.
Later 3 years of middle(6 to 8) and 4 years of secondary (9 to 12).
🔸Mother tongue as medium of instruction
The NEP only recommends the mother tongue as medium of instruction but not compulsory.
Efforts will be made for incentivize the merits of students belonging to sc ,st ,obc etc
The national scholarship portal will be expanded , private HSI will also encourage , special funds will be earmarked.
🔸Multi disciplinary approach(broad based and flexible learning)
Institutions offering single streams will be phased out and all universities will focus on multidisciplinary by 2030
🔹No UGC ,AICTE ,NCTE
Higher education commission for india will be setup as a single umbrella for all
Exit options in degree college
The student is allowed to drop out in any year wherein he will get a certificate for the same.
It will give degree with research if a student has pursued along with it.
The policy is confident in raising public investment in education , thus will be allocated according to the directions of the NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY 2020!